Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bacterial Disease - 6531 Words

Bacterial diseases: Introduction Bacterial diseases include any type of illness or disease caused by bacteria, a type of microbe. Microbes are tiny organisms that cannot be seen without a microscope and include viruses, fungi, and some parasites as well as bacteria. The vast majority of bacteria do not cause disease, and many bacteria are actually helpful and even necessary to good health. Millions of bacteria normally live on the skin and in the intestines and can also be found on the genitalia. Bacterial diseases result when the harmful bacteria get into an area of the body that is normally sterile, such as the bladder, or when they crowd out the helpful bacteria in places such as the intestines. Harmful bacteria are called pathogenic†¦show more content†¦Contrary to folklore, leprosy does not cause body parts to fall off, although they can become numb or diseased as a result of secondary infections; these occur as a result of the bodys defenses being compromised by the primary disease.Secondary infections, in turn, can result in tissue loss causing fingers and toes to become shortened and deformed, as cartilage is absorbed into the body. Primary Cause of Leprosy The primary cause of Leprosy is the result: * of transmission from another person under rare circumstances, such as immunocompromised people or during surgery with contaminated surgical tools, or according to rare circumstances as noted from reputable sources. Mycobacterium leprae Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis are the causative agents of leprosy. M. lepromatosis is a relatively newly identified mycobacterium isolated from a fatal case of diffuse lepromatous leprosy in 2008.[2][3] An intracellular, acid-fast bacterium, M. leprae is aerobic and rod-shaped, and is surrounded by the waxy cell membrane coating characteristic of Mycobacterium species.[35] Due to extensive loss of genes necessary for independent growth, M. leprae and M. lepromatosis are obligate pathogens, andunculturable in the laboratory, a factor that leads toShow MoreRelatedThe Causative Bacterial Agent For Lyme Disease1002 Words   |  5 PagesBorrelia burgdorferi, the causative bacterial agent for Lyme Disease, has persisted for thousands of years. Recently, scientists have found genetic remains of the bacteria from a mummy dating back 5,300 years (National Geographic, 2011). However, Borrelia burgdorferi was not classified and identified as the putative source for Lyme Disease until the early 1980’s. After mysterious and untreatable symptoms appeared in children and adults of the city of Lyme, Connecticut, the goal for many clinicalRead MoreCholera Is An Infectious Bacterial Disease Of The Small Intestine Essay2063 Words   |  9 PagesCholera is an infectious bacterial disease of the small intestine. This bacterium has spread through the world covering about 50 countries that came about through 7 pandemics. This disease is a worldwide public health concern affecting 3-5 million people each year, killing 120,000. Before, it was thought that cholera spread through a sort of fog known as a miasma however now we know the whole mechanism for the cholera toxin. It was discovered that cholera is transmitted through fecal-oral transmissionRead MoreLyme disease, a common illness prevalent in the United States and Canada, is a bacterial infection1900 Words   |  8 PagesLyme disease, a common illness prevalent in the United States and Canada, is a bacterial infection caused by the bite of a â€Å"deer tick† (WebMD, 2012). A â€Å"deer tick† or Ixodes dammini, frequ ently carries the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi which causes Lyme disease (American Journal of Public Health, 1992). â€Å"Deer ticks† infected with this disease spread the bacteria through a bite which allows it to enter the blood stream of the host. Patients with Lyme disease often have a history of tick exposure,Read MoreTuberculosis : An Infectious Bacterial Disease1541 Words   |  7 PagesTuberculosis is a very known disease worldwide. Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease illustrated by the expansion of the tubercles that are in the tissue, mainly in the lungs. This disease is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is a rod shaped bacterium. Tuberculosis has claimed its victims throughout much of known human history. It reached epidemic proportions in Europe and North America during the 18th and 19th centuries, earning the sobriquet, Captain Among these Men of DeathRead MoreThe Bacterial Strain Responsible For Causing The New Disease Using Techniques203 1 Words   |  9 Pagesinfectious disease caused by a new strain of bacteria that has acquired multiple resistance plasmids from other bacterial strains, restriction digest is performed on bacterial DNA samples isolated from patients stricken with the disease and on five plasmid samples using PstI and EcoRI. Agarose gel electrophoresis was executed for the six samples and the bands were compared and analyzed. The purpose of this experiment is to identify the bacterial strain responsible for causing the new disease using techniquesRead MoreEffective Dental Health And Prevention Of Gum Disease, Gingivitis, Bacterial Carries, Cavities, And Periodontal Disease1646 Words   |  7 Pageswith the control and prevention of gum disease, gingivitis, bacterial carries, cavities, and periodontal disease (PD). Alternatively, signs of poor oral health can be seen with the accumulation of bacterial pathogens in the area between the tooth and gingiva, known as the gingival sulcus (see Figure 1). PD is a severe condition due to its chronic inflammatory nature that leads to tooth decay and eventual tooth loss. The pathogenesis of PD involves bacterial invasion of the gingival sulcus, whichRead MoreLab Report On Bacterial Growth1749 Words   |  7 PagesThis experiment is about bacterial growth. We will demonstrate a bacterial growth curve using a closed system. Bacterial growth usually takes up to 12-24 hours to get an accurate result so we will be monitoring this growth between two classes. We also used different methods to determine bacterial growth as well as a few different calculations. One way of receiving data is by using a spectrophotometer where we will record the absorption at a given time to create the bacterial growth curve. We also usedRead MoreBacterial Vaginosis ( Bv )1614 Words   |  7 PagesBacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a medical condition that is not widely known or understood about by either the public or the medical field. I state this bluntly because I suffer from Bacterial Vaginosis, rather I suffer from reoccurring Bacterial Vaginosis. Generally, women who have an infection caused by BV are prescribed a gel medicine and within 5 days they no longer have the infection. However, there is a small percentage of woman who have BV reoccur after treatment, for some the reoccurrenceRead MoreBacterial Vaginosis : An Opportunistic Pathogen1897 Words   |  8 Pagespredominantly known to cause bacterial vaginosis (BV). Bacterial vaginosis is a dysbiosis in women that is caused by an absence of lactobacilli and including an overgrowth of Gardnerella vaginalis and other bacterial species (Vick et al., 2014). BV can cause many risks in women with this infection that include inflammatory disease, STIs, and pregnancy complications such as preterm birth (Vick et al., 2014). A group of researchers investigating the role of G. vaginalis in bacterial vaginosis on mouse modelRead MoreTuberculosis ( Tb ) Is A Bacterial Infection Disease Caused By The Organism Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Essay1551 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection disease caused by the organism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Mtb is an airborne transmission disease, which is spread by the inhalation of small droplet from the infected individual with pulmonary (lung) TB to a non-infected individual. TB has different stages of infections but the major one are active and latent stage. Normally tuberculosis stays dormant inside the granuloma in the host without causing any illness but in 10% in cases

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